The BAP Unión is a training ship of the Peruvian Navy. It is a four-masted steel hulled full rigged barque built in 2014 by Shipyard Marine Industrial Services of Peru, known as SIMA. The ship's name is a reference to a Peruvian corvette that participated in the War of the Pacific as part of a naval squadron under the command of Miguel Grau, the most important hero of the Peruvian Navy.
Like other similar ships, the Unión has been conceived not only for training purposes, but also to be a sailing ambassador for her home country. Due to its features and dimensions, it has been considered (as of the date it was commissioned) as the largest sail vessel in Latin America.
Nested in the mountains and following old channels up to the waterfall that gave its name to Hacienda Buena Vista en Ponce, a carefully restored historical site containing structures more than a century old and a hydraulic turbine that’s the only one of its kind in existence. Completely refurbished and in working condition, the turbine is still powered by the water of Río Canas and serves as the main engine for other machines of the time. Come watch them work and feel how the force of the river was transformed into movement to process food products. Enjoy the breeze under the canopy of a subtropical forest and go along with a history and nature expert to learn about the shaded polyculture of coffee, cocoa, oranges, plantains, and other fruits. Visit all year long or come in time for traditional coffee or cocoa festivals. Tours to other natural areas west and south of Puerto Rico are also coordinated from Hacienda Buena Vista.
Rincon is well known as a surfing destination. Rincón rose to international recognition through the 1968 World Surfing Championship, which was held at Domes and Maria's Beaches. The winter surf along Rincón's coast is some of the best in the region. Generally regarded as one of the best surf spots across the globe, Rincón draws surfers from around the world and is the center of the island's surf scene. Dubbed the "Caribbean's Hawaii," winter waves here can approach 25–30 feet (6.7m) in height, sometimes equaling the force of the surf on Oahu's north shore. Famed surfing beaches in town include Little Malibu, Tres Palmas, Maria's, Indicators, Domes, Pools, Sandy Beach and Antonio's. The best time to surf is from November through March, but summer storms can also kick up the surf during the late summer. Now Rincon has a tourism economy which also boasts scuba diving, snorkeling, and sunsets. Rincon has also been an area for Internet based companies to set up shop.
Coffee in Puerto Rico It may not be as famous as its Colombian cousin, but Puerto Rico has enjoyed a long association with coffee. The bean came to the island in the 1700s and quickly became its principal export. It also gave rise to a agrarian mountainfolk who have become romantic symbols of working class Puerto Ricans: the Jíbaros. The jíbaros were country folk who worked the coffee plantations for the wealthy hacendados, or landowners. They were little better off than indentured servants, and since they were uneducated, their most lasting form of expression came through music; the songs of the Jíbaros have endured over time. Is the Local Coffee Any Good?: The answer is a resounding yes! The rich volcanic soil and climate of Puerto Rico's interior proved the perfect place to grow coffee. The city of Yauco, tucked in among the mountains, is famed for its coffee and is known as El Pueblo del Café, or "The City of Coffee." The Café Yauco Selecto brand is among the best known premium blends the island has to offer. Another brand, Alto Grande, is of superpremium quality; that is, it's the highest quality coffee you can buy. Alto Grande is one of only one three coffees to carry this label. How Puerto Ricans Take Their Coffee: Generally, there are three ways to order your coffee (Café Americano is a fourth, but it is hardly the favorite): An Expreso is your standard Italian espresso, brewed in an espresso machine and usually taken black. A local term for expreso is pocillo, which is a reference to the small cups in which the drink is served. My favorite is the Cortadito, which anyone familiar with Cuban coffee will know. This is an expresso layered with a thin sheen of steamed milk. Café con leche is like a latté, but in Puerto Rico it usually involves a large dollop of milk in an even larger cup. Can I Visit a Coffee Plantation: You may indeed. Several tour companies offer tours to coffee plantations, which are fun trips in Puerto Rico's interior. Acampa, Countryside Tours and Legends of Puerto Rico all offer them.
Must visit! You don't need to be a fan of rum to enjoy touring Casa Bacardi, the largest rum distillery in the world. That's because the Bacardi family have made their tour interesting enough for any visitor to enjoy. And I'm not talking about the samples of Bacardi cocktails. The tour takes you into the heart of an empire, and relates a story of a family, and a spirit, that have left an indelible footprint in the Caribbean.
Cape San Juan Light (Faro de Las Cabezas de San Juan) is a historic lighthouse located on the northeastern part of the highest point of Cape San Juan in Fajardo, Puerto Rico. The lighthouse was constructed in 1880 and was officially lit on May 2, 1882. The original illuminating apparatus, not changed until after 1898, had an 18-mile (29 km) range and displayed a fixed white light which every three minutes flashed red.
The lighthouse owned by the Puerto Rico Conservation Trust is part of the Las Cabezas de San Juan natural reserve. The 316-acre (128 ha) reserve includes a bioluminescence bay, rare flora and fauna, various trails and boardwalks, and scientific research center. Despite its small size, the reserve shelters seven different ecological systems, including beaches, lagoons, dry forest, coral reefs and mangroves.
In 1898, the lighthouse played a major role in the Battle of Fajardo during the Puerto Rican Campaign of the Spanish–American War. The lighthouse was listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States government on October 22, 1981
One of the most spectacular sights on a night trip in Caribbean waters is to witness hundreds of tiny star-like bio-luminescent plankton scintillating like a starry sky as you move through the dark water. Wave your paddle through the water in front of you, and be mesmerized by the tiny glowing specs of plankton or Dinoflagellates which are tiny unicellular marine plankton also known as fire plants.
Fajardo’s bio-luminescent bay is one of few scattered around Puerto Rico – and one of the last that remain on the planet! Experience this rare phenomenon of nature as you glide through the tranquil “Laguna Grande” surrounded by mangroves and teeming with sea life above and below the still water.
The sounds of the #coquí can be heard in various night scenes in The Rum Diary (2011) starring Johnny Depp and Aaron Eckhart and filmed in Puerto Rico. The #coquí is named for the loud call the males make at night. This sound serves two purposes. "CO" serves to repel males and establish territory while the "KEE" serves to attract females. Since the auditory systems of males and females respond preferentially to different notes of the male call, this is an example of a sex difference in a sensory system. The common coquí is a very important aspect of Puerto Rican culture, and it has become an unofficial symbol of Puerto Rico.
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